The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The most significant areas of risks through the use of alcohol or drugs lie in the connection between alcohol, drugs and criminal activities.
When it comes to violations like domestic abuse, drunk driving, property damage, substance abuse, and public disorder, alcohol and illicit substances are involved in an approximated 80% of the cases where the offender ends up behind bars.
The issue of alcohol and drug abuse is currently the main reason behind the huge prison populations in some countries.
A large number of individuals who are behind bars have admitted to having been drunk at the time they were arrested and the problem can also be noted by the influence of alcohol in a large number of violent crimes that occur nowadays.
It was discovered that law violations that involved the use of violence, such as sexual assault, domestic abuse, physical attacks, and homicides, involved alcohol in some way when compared to any other illicit substance. Around 3 million violent crimes occur within the country every year, and most victims are left with the perception that the offender could have been consuming alcohol. The statistics related to alcohol abuse by violent offenders generally provide evidence that nearly 50% of all homicides and assaults are committed when both the offender, and the victim were indulging in the consumption of alcohol. Most offenders in aggressive offences, leaving aside burglary, are likely to have taken some other drugs.
When the offender and offended know one other, alcohol is usually involved when violence breaks out between them. While, only about 31% of attacks from distant people are related to alcohol, more than 2/3 of cases of attack by loved ones including current and ex boyfriend, girlfriend, and spouse are due to alcohol abuse. Nearly 500,000 incidents between intimate individuals involved offenders who have been consuming alcohol. Additionally, 118,000 incidents of family violence excluding spouses involve alcohol along with 744,000 incidents, which are carried out by acquaintances.
One lingering question about illicit substances is whether people are more inclined to violate the law after abusing illicit substances or does abusing illicit substances make people violate the law, since the connection between breaking the law and illicit substances is a complicated one.
A lot of individuals who break the law have never abused illicit substances, and a lot of abusers of illicit substances don't break the law in many other ways. When the drug use becomes much more intense though, the use of drugs can amplify the criminality of the individual and thus the correlation between drug use and criminal activity is much greater.
The types of drug related crimes are three in number:
People who have developed a dependency on the drug are twice as likely to be arrested for acquisitive crimes such as shop theft and burglary or robbery and handling stolen goods - crimes that are often related to "feeding the habit." For instance, in 2004, 17% of detainees said they conferred the crime to acquire cash for medications. Men, women, and children who are involved in or exploited by the sex trade and in the criminal justice system also have close links to drug use. Sexual harassment and e corruption are closely linked to drug abuse to help individuals adjust and deal with immoral acts of drug industry.
Being the third most reported law violation, over one million individuals have been apprehended by the law for operating a vehicle while drunk in the UK. Alcohol has been found to be involved in close to 40% of all road accidents where someone died, and operating a vehicle while drunk or high is the primary cause of harm, disability, and loss of life in young people who haven't reached the age of 21. When it comes to vehicular road accidents where the motorist's ability to drive was affected by alcohol, 36 individuals lose their lives on a daily basis and an estimated 700 of them sustain some physical harm. Marijuana and cocaine which are often consumed by combining them with alcohol resulting in about 18% of deaths among vehicle drivers.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration stated that, in 2007, an estimated one out of every eight drivers on weekend nights test positive for illicit drugs. Additionally, in 2010, one of every eight high school seniors reported they'd driven after smoking marijuana within the two week period before the interview.
Most of the physician endorsed drugs such as opioid pain killers and benzodiazepenes usually recommended for uneasiness or rest issue provides clear warning against driving and operation of machinery for a predetermined time after consuming the drug. Fatal driving and other dangerous behavior are usually the consequence of not following doctor's prescription or mishandled medication without medicinal supervision.
Of children and teenagers arrested in the juvenile justice systems, four out of five of them are on drugs or alcohol at the time of the crime, have a positive drug test, get arrested for a drug or alcohol related offense, admit that they have a substance abuse problem, or have some combination of these.
1.9 million of 2.4 million adolescent captures had substance mishandle and drug addiction problems, however, only 68,600 adolescents got substance addiction treatment.
Three out of four reported cases of alcohol related violence between spouses involves a drunken offender.
In a 1999 study, assaults that had happened within the previous twelve months to women by their partners reported significantly higher problems with health and substance abuse. 33 percent of crime against women encountering physical abuse is due to medication and liquor issues, contrasted with 16 percent of the individuals who did not encounter brutality.
Abusive behavior at home additionally affects other relatives. A UK study found that there was a 50% greater chance for children who witnessed their mother being abused to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
Overall percentage scale ranks 55% of domestic violence cases were allied to alcohol, 9% to drugs showing alcohol as a significant driving force to brutality at 65% compared to 5% drug related cases in marriage relationship violence against women victims.
There are several factors that add up and lead to child maltreatment, even though there are no particular profiles for abusive individuals and no "cause" associated with the maltreatment. Parenting stress can build and increase the likely hood of parents hitting a child when they abuse substances, lose of contact with society and individuals, and succumb to family pressures. Nearly 4 in 10 victimisers confirmed that they had been drinking during the time of the incident.
Half of the inmates depend on substances and meet drug abuse standard yardstick however, only 20 of the number in need of help benefit from the treatment.
Preventing future crime and re-arrest after a discharge is extremely likely without treatment for addiction and this is a reality for many in the criminal-justice system. Between 60 and 80 percent of substance abusers break the law again (usually a drug-related one) and 95 percent of prisoners go back to abusing substances when they are released from prison, according to approximations.
Treatment is the only option for breaking the criminal justice cycle for wrongdoers with medication and liquor issues. Medial care has been shown to be effective by research -- this proves that remaining free from alcohol and drugs is possible for individuals, especially since many have managed to do so before. Also study indicates that as substance mishandle and criminal are directly proportional; when abuse decreases, crime rates also goes down. People should be able to get help when they need it, even in jail or prison.
Treatment likewise spares cash. One research which was conducted earlier revealed that for every dollar spent for the treatment for substance abuse lead to savings of about '5.60 because of fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, fewer child welfare and medical costs. Drug prevention and treatment can save a lot of tax pounds since criminal behavior decreases with drug and alcohol abuse.