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Symptoms

The Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.

Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. Though these may be dangerous to them, they go ahead with alcohol consumption (the possible dangers may or may not be clear to the person)


Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.

Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include:

  • The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
  • Reactions when trying to stop taking the drug, when the body has less of the substance than it is used to, it reacts, and the person can have physical pains and altered moods. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
  • There may be abruptly increased craving. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
  • Though the addicts witness these health issues, they continue to abuse those substances - even when they start suffering ailments as a result. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
  • Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
  • Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
  • Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
  • Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
  • Dealing with problems - they always have the belief that they cannot handle their issues without drugs.
  • Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
  • Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
  • Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
  • Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. Some consequences to this are blacking out and not being able to remember periods of time and even physical symptoms, like the presence of a persistent cough or sore throat in a heavy smoker.
  • Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
  • Stashing the substance - an addict might hide small stocks of the substance in unlikely places, like around the house or in the car.
  • Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
  • Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
  • Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
  • Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.

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Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.