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Treatment Medications For Dependency

How Medication Facilitates Drug Dependency Treatment


With the aim to manage withdrawal symptoms and avert relapse most treatment programs utilize prescription drugs. Prescription drugs help patients in managing the symptoms of withdrawal and control urges to avert relapse. Withdrawal signs make drug addiction difficult if not handled properly but not an impossible talk to achieve.

In both forms of an inpatient or outpatient therapy scheme, prescription of medications for addiction based treatments might occur. The doctors might regulate dosages over the course of treatment to guarantee that addicts have the greatest possibility of accomplishing sobriety.


The desire to take more of the drug or health challenges of quitting an addictive substance can be replicated by some drugs.


Withdrawing And Detoxing From Drugs

As part of the detoxification process, the patient's body automatically rids itself of the toxic drugs. This stage is known as detoxification. Based on the potency of the drug, the duration of detox ranges from several days to several weeks.

Challenges of managing withdrawal signs cause challenges to restrain from taking drugs. During the detoxification process, a previous addict pass through many painful effects.


These symptoms can include:

  • Unease
  • Desolation
  • Nausea
  • Shaking
  • Muscle pain
  • Sweats

Treatment for withdrawal signs differ and the medication used. They include:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • They decrease anxiety and irritation.
  • When withdrawing from many drugs like Cocaine or Opiates like Heroin, Anxiety is a normal sign associated with the withdrawal process.
  • Benzos have a calming symptom, which comforts alcohol withdrawals.
  • Because of the danger of dependence on Benzos, physicians don't freely give to their patients.
  • Antidepressants
  • The usual quantity of joy-inducing chemicals in an addicted person's brain, cannot be produced without the use of drugs.
  • With the body being dependent on the substance during the abuse, the patient will suffer the opposite effect without the drug and would start to feel low.
  • Popular antidepressant brands like Prozac (Fluoxetine) and Zoloft (Sertraline) are used to combat the depression brought about by the detoxification.
  • Clonidine
  • Sweating, muscular pains, cramps and worriedness are effects that can be relieved via the use of Clonidine, as it is administered to alcohol and opiate withdrawals to treat them.
  • It treats muscle spasm, pains, seizures and anxiety.

It is duly observed that the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms depends on the severity of addiction. Those with severe cases having been exposed to the drug for a prolonged period of time suffers longer.

It is not advisable to rely on self-medication if you are trying to get rid of alcohol or other addictive substances such as Xanax or Valium from your body. Denouncing using drugs is not catastrophic; however, there are bad side effects. The rate of certainty and protection in detox is guaranteed via medical care.

Discussing your problem with a prospective assistant is very important if you are battling dependence on any drug.


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Medications For Alcohol Addiction

Making wrong use of alcohol on a common basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, that could last from weeks to months. This is referred to as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).

A user could be made to feel disgust towards alcohol or control the way at which the user desires alcohol through maintenance therapy which also reduces PAWS. These medicines frequently come as a capsule that patients take every day.


Recommended alcohol addiction drugs include:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • This drug inhibits the pleasurable receptors in the brain thereby diminishing the effect of alcohol.
  • The desire for alcoholic beverages is also reduced.
  • Using Naltrexone could cause vomiting or headaches.
  • At an interval of four weeks, it might be administered via injections.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • Suffering of both the body and the mental state of mind caused by alcohol addiction can be relieved via the use of this medication.
  • Acamprosate is recommended for recovering alcohol addicts after detox.
  • Worries and dejection are some of the factors responsible for drinking alcohol and can be brought under control by using Acamprosate.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • The first drug to help people overcome dependence on alcohol is Disulfiram.
  • You're unable to control alcohol addiction, Disulfiram medication makes you sick and vomit if you drink.
  • It is believed that nausea will discourage alcoholics from drinking.

Discover alternative ways of alcohol addiction treatment.


Medication For Heroin And Other Opiate Abuse

Oxycontin, morphine, and Heroin are some sedatives that can be used. The desire for more alcohol and the attendant challenge of quitting it will be put to rest by some sedatives and Heroin. These come in tablet form and are taken on a daily basis.

It is reported that the withdrawal symptoms of Heroin and other opiate drugs only last for one week. Some people may face this problem for a long period of time. In some cases, withdrawal signs could take months or years depending on individuals. Post-acute Withdrawal Syndrome can be managed or stopped by replacement medications. The duration for medication depends on the history of individual addiction.

Addiction medicines for Heroin and painkillers are:

  • Methadone
  • This opium-based drug is used to treat severe cases of addiction.
  • It operates by attaching to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the person high.
  • The drug reduces longing and withdrawal signs.
  • Methadone must be used with attention since some people get addicted to the medicine instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • This prescription drug is dispensed on a daily basis to avoid abuse.
  • Get more insight on Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Functioning the same way as Methadone, Buprenorphine is less monitored since its addiction capacity is lower.
  • Those taking this drug may not have any cause to be at the centre each day because they can always have it at home unlike Methadone.
  • Naltrexone
  • For both dependence on alcohol or sedatives, Naltrexone function in similar fashions.
  • It stops the desire to use it.
  • Given that similar brain receptors are made active by both alcohol and opiates; this drug can be applied for both cases.

Medical Detoxification And Rehabilitation

There are cases where patients opt to undergo the detox process by themselves. The situation does not also make the situation difficult but also unsafe for the patient. In a place without stress or danger, medical detox provides the best way to get sober. This is non-negotiable for people who practically live on benzos and alcohol.

The first line of defence against drug addiction treatment requires coordinated detox program.

Deadly health concerns will be eliminated by that. A patient's fluid level, temperature, heart rate and breathing rate are kept on track by the administering physicians. Any discomfort felt by the patient is relieved by the intervention of physicians. Medications are also regulated and re-calibrated depending on the patient's need. Medical practitioners caution drug dependents with other health issues to seek immediate professional help.

Pre-existing health issues may cause complications during the withdrawal process. Doctors assist to avoid health concerns.

Inpatient rehabs usually includes detox. Inpatient therapy varies between 30 - 90 day duration. The initial week comprises of a series of detox closely observed. In order to achieve its objectives, helping an addict to recover fully may involve training him to make some changes in his attitude.

You should seek assistance of a health centre for yourself, friends or family who face addiction call 0800 246 1509.