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Addiction Treatment

Treating Addiction With Medicines


To reduce the possibility of relapsing and to ease withdrawal symptoms, the use of other drugs during the treatment process has become quite common. Staying sober can be much easier for a recovering addict with the help of medication. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.


These medicines can ease withdrawal side effects and desires.


Detoxing And Withdrawal

The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.

The hardest part of detoxification is having to deal with withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.


The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. These are some side effects:

  • Stress
  • Feeling depressed
  • Sickness or feeling sick
  • Fits
  • Muscle pain
  • Excessive perspiration

Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • These drugs decrease nervousness and irritability.
  • Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
  • Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
  • Benzos are addictive so physicians are careful about prescribing those.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. Complications from other drugs can arise but are not considered life threatening. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.

Get in touch with an addiction specialist if you know someone who is struggling with addiction.


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Alcohol Addiction Medications

Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
  • Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
  • Sickness and migraine are cause by Naltrexone.
  • It can be given via injection once every four weeks.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
  • Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
  • Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
  • Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
  • This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.

Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.


Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction

Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. These medications are taken daily in the form of orally ingestible pills.

Withdrawal from Opiate use can go on for only a week for some people. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.

Addiction medicines for Heroin and painkillers are:

  • Methadone
  • An Opioid, Methadone is used to help with detoxification from opiate drug dependencies.
  • It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
  • This assists curb strong desires and withdrawal side effects.
  • Discretion and care are needed because some people have been known to develop an addiction to Methadone.
  • The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
  • Additional Facts about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
  • Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
  • It helps to reduce cravings.
  • The same brain receptors are activated for both alcohol and Opiates.

Medical Detox And Rehab

Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.

A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.

Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. Doctors record the patient's heart scale, body heat, breathing rate and fluid levels. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.

Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Any sudden complications can be handled by a doctor.

In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. Constant supervision is given during the first week of detox. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.

Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.